The 9th International Conference Buddhism & Australia
Chinese Buddhist Encyclopedia Illustrations
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Kuan Yin Bodhisattva
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觀音 Guānyīn is the Chinese name of Avalokitesvara in Chinese Buddhism 漢傳佛教 and other Mahayana Buddhist schools in East Asia which were spread by the Indo-sino route (Same characters but different pronunciations).
He/she is one of the most widely revered bodhisattvas in Mahayana Buddhism and mostly portrayed as a female. Guanyin is androgynous (or you can say neither male nor female). He/she has other countless appearances.
In China, her famous story of origin is a folklore saying she chose to go back to the cycle of life (Saṃsāra, Chinese: 輪迴 Lúnhuí) to help the people and was born in a kingdom of China as the princess 妙善 Miàoshàn.
Some schools believe she was from Chinese folk religion and inserted into Chinese Buddhism. Some schools believe she is the daughter of the nāga king Sāgara who is depicted in 法華經Lotus Sutra, and pairing with Sudhana to represent the two major Mahayana texts, the Lotus Sutra and 華嚴經the Avataṃsaka Sutra.
The following brief excerpt was adapted (notably changing "he" to "she") from the chapter on the Bodhisattva Regarder of the Cries of the World, in the W. E. Soothill translation of The Lotus Sutra (The Lotus of the Wonderful Law, published by Curzon Press):
"Listen to the deeds of the Cry-Regarder,
Who well responds to every quarter;
Vast is her vow as deep the sea,
Age-long, and inconceivable.
Who hears her name and looks to her,
Unremittingly remembering her,
Will end the sorrows of existence.
- * *
Sorrows of birth, age, disease, death,
All will thus be ended.
True regard, serene regard,
Far-reaching, wise regard,
Regard of pity, regard compassionate,
Ever longed for, ever looked for,
In radiance ever pure and serene!
Wisdom's sun, destroying darkness,
Subduer of woes, of storm, of fire,
Illuminator of the world!
Law of pity, thunder quivering,
Compassion wondrous as a great cloud,
Pouring spiritual rain like nectar,
Quenching all the flames of distress!
- * *
Voice of the Regarder, wondrous voice,
Voice of the rolling tide, Brahma-voice,
Voice all world-surpassing,
Ever to be cherished in mind
With never a doubting thought.
World's Cry-Regarder, pure and holy,
In pain, distress, in death or woe,
Potent as a sure reliance,
Perfect in every virtuous merit,
All-beholding with eyes of pity,
Boundless ocean-store of blessings!
Prostrate, let us make obeisance."
Enlightened through infinite acts of compassion countless lifetimes ago. Her feet rest upon a fragrant red lotus flower above a vast ocean. Her brows curved and radiant like the crescent of an autumn moon.
Instructions on how to practice the Great Compassion Mantra (Da Bei Zhow) of Kwan Yin
1. Light incense and place beside shrine; 2. Prostrate 3 times to Kwan Yin; 3. Offer one (or more) glass (es) of water which Kwan Yin will bless; 4. Invite Kwan Yin to come to you and appear; 5. Bring the palms of your hands together in the prayer-mudra; 6. Invite all the Buddhas and Bodhisattvas to come and be present. 7. Recite the following chant:
8. Recite the following lines to purify your speech and apologize for the pronunciation errors made by you during this practice:
An Sho Li Sho Lie, Mo Ho Sho Li, Sho Sho Li, Sa Po Ho (So Ha).
9. Recite the Kwan Yin Great Compassion Mantra 3, 5, 7, 21, 49 or 108 times.
10. Recite the short mantra 10 times:
Na Mo Kwan Yin Boddhisattva.
11. Finally, drink the water blessed by Kwan Yin. This water now has healing powers.
12. Dedicate this practice of the Kwan Yin Great compassion Mantra to the benefit and enlightenment of all beings.
1. na mo ho la da nu do la ye ye,
2. na mo o li ye,
3. po lu je di sho bo la ye,
4. pu ti sa do po ye,
5. mo ho sa do po ye,
6. mo ho jia lu ni jia ye,
8. sa bo la fa yi,
9. su da nu da sia,
10. na mo si ji li do yi mung o li ye,
11. po lu ji di, sho fo la ling to po,
12. na mo nu la jin cho,
13. si li mo ho po do sha me,
14. sa po wo to do shu pung,
15. wo si yun,
16. sa po sa do na mo po sa do na mo po che,
17. mo fa to do,
18. da dzo to,
19. an, o po lu si,
20. lu jia di,
21. jia lo di,
22. i si li,
23. mo ho pu ti sa do,
24. sa po sa po,
25. mo la mo la,
26. mo si mo si li to yun,
27. ji lu ju lu, jie mong,
28. du lu du lu fa she ye di,
29. mo ho fa she ye di,
30. to la to la,
31. di li ni,
32. shi fo la ye,
33. zhe la zhe la,
34. mo mo, fa mo la,
35. mu di li,
36. yi si yi si,
37. shi nu shi nu,
38. o la son, fo la so li,
39. fa sha fa son,
40. fo la she ye,
41. hu lu hu lu mo la,
42. hu lu hu lu si li,
43. so la so la,
44. si li si li,
45. su lu su lu,
46. pu ti ye, pu ti ye,
47. pu to ye, pu to ye,
48. mi di li ye,
49. nu la jin cho,
50. di li so ni nu,
51. po ye mo nu,
52. so po ho,
53. si to ye,
54. so po ho,
55. mo ho si to ye,
56. so po ho,
57. si to yu yi,
58. shi bo la ye,
59. so po ho,
60. no la jin cho,
61. so po ho,
62. mo la nu la,
63. so po ho,
64. si la son o mo chi ye,
65. so po ho,
66. so po mo ho o si to ye,
67. so po ho,
68. zhe ji la o xi to ye,
69. so po ho,
70. bo fo mo jie si to ye,
71. so po ho,
72. nu la jin cho bo che la ye,
73. so po ho,
74. mo po li song ji la ye,
75. so po ho,
76. na mo ho la ta nu do la ye ye,
77. na mo o li ye,
78. po lu ji di,
79. sho bo la ye,
80. so po ho,
81. an si den,
82. man do la,
83, ba to ye,
84. so po ho.
Excerpts from The Dharani Sutra
If humans and gods recite and hold the phrases of the Great Compassion Mantra, then when they approach the end of life, all the Buddhas of the ten directions will come to take them by the hand to rebirth in whatever Buddhaland they wish, according to their desire.
Should any living being who recites and holds the spiritual mantra of Great Compassion not obtain the fruits of whatever is sought in this very life, then he cannot have been making proper use of the Dharani of the Great Compassion Heart.
The bad deaths are:
1. They will not die of starvation or privation
2. They will not die from having been yoked, imprisoned, caned or otherwise beaten
3. They will not die at the hands of hostile enemies
4. They will not be killed in military battle
5. They will not be killed by tigers, wolves, or other evil beasts
6. They will not die from the venom of poisonous snakes, black serpents, or scorpions
7. They will not drown or be burned to death
8. They will not be poisoned to death
9. They will not die as a result of sorcery
10. They will not die of madness or insanity
11. They will not be killed by landslides or falling trees
12. They will not die of nightmares sent by evil people
13. They will not be killed by deviant spirits or evil ghosts
14. They will not die of evil illnesses which bind the body
15. They will not commit suicide
1. Their place of birth will always have a good king
2. They will always be born in a good country
3. They will always be born at a good time
4. They will always meet good friends
5. The organs of their body will always be complete
6. Their heart will be pure and full in the way
7. They will not violate the prohibitive precepts
8. Their family will be kind and harmonious
9. They will always have the necessary wealth and goods in abundance
10. They will always obtain the respect and help of others
11. They riches will not be plundered
12. They will obtain everything they seek
13. Dragons, gods, and good spirits will always protect them
14. In the place where they are born they will see the Buddha and hear the Dharma
15. They will awaken to the profound meaning of that Proper Dharma which they hear.
Go for refuge to the Buddha
Produce the aspiring enlightened mind.
Perfection of Generosity
Guard the vows of an auditor
Purify physical obscurations
Overcome the god demon
Cure the sickness of bad accumulation
Pacify all defilemnts
The Dharmadhatu wisdom arises
Freedom from the god's suffering of death and rebirth
Union of all the Buddha families, Mahakarunika, and Consort Sadaksari
Obtain the state of Sarva-dakini
Obtain the Dharma Body
Go for refuge to the Dharma
Produce the engaging enlightened mind
Perfection of Moral Conduct
Guard the vows of a bodhisattva
Purify vocal obscurations
Overcome the female demoness
The mirror wisdom arises
Freedom from the jealous gods' suffering of fighting
Buddha Vairocana and Consort Buddhalocana
Obtain the state of Buddha-dakini
Obtain the Enjoyment Body
Go for refuge to the Sangha
Produce the non-dual enlightened mind
Perfection of Patience
Guard the vows of fasting
Purify mental obscurations
Overcome the rgyal-gong demon
Cure wind diseases
The equanimity wisdom arises
Freedom from the human suffering of change
Vajrasattva and Consort Samantabhadri
Obtain the state of Vajra-dakini
Obtain the Emanation Body
Go for refuge to the Guru
Produce the natural enlightened mind
Perfection of enthusiasm
Guard the vows of the layperson
Purify the obscurations of defilement
Overcome the local deity/naga demon
Cure mucous disease
Discriminating wisdom arises
Freedom from the animals' suffering of service
Ratnasambhava and Consort Mamaki
Obtain the state of Ratna-dakini
Obtain the Essence Body
Go for refuge to the Yidam
Produce the wisdom enlightened mind
Perfection of Meditation
Guard the vows of celibacy
Purify the obscurations of the traces
Overcome Mara and the Lord of Death
All-accomplishing wisdom arises
Freedom from the hungry ghosts' suffering of hunger and thirst
Buddha Amitabha and Consort [Pandara-vasini]]
Obtain the state of Padma-dakini
Obtain the Enlightened Body
Go for refuge to the Dakinis
Produce the ultimate enlightened mind
Perfection of Discriminating Insight
Guard the tantric vows of a Knowledge Holder
Purify the obscurations to knowledge
Overcome the Raksa and Rahula demons
Cure bilious disease
Inherent wisdom arises
Freedom from the hell sufferings of hot and cold
Buddha Amoghasiddhi and Consort Samaya-tara
Obtain the state of the Karma-dakini
Obtain the unchanging Vajra-like Body
The benefits of reciting Om Mani Padme Hum are like the infinite sky. Depending on how perfectly qualified one's mind is and on one's motivation, even reciting OM MANI PADME HUM one time can purify negative karma.
In the teachings it is said the benefits of reciting OM MANI PADME HUM are so many that the explanation will never finish. It is explained that if one recites Om Mani Padme Hum one thousand times every day, then one's children up to seven generations will not be reborn in the lower realms. So if, for example, parents recite one thousand mantras every day then their children, their children's children and so forth up to seven generations will never be reborn in the lower realms. So parents have quite a responsibility! This is one way that parents can benefit their children and grandchildren.
If one recites the OM MANI PADME HUM mantra one thousand times every day, then one's body becomes blessed. So when a person who recites one thousand OM MANI PADME HUM every day goes into water, into a river or ocean for example, that water becomes blessed.
If one recites one thousand OM MANI PADME HUM every day, then at the time of death, when the body is burnt, even the smoke that comes from it purifies the negative karma of whoever it touches or whoever smells it. The negative karma of those sentient beings to be reborn in the lower realms is purified.
There are fifteen major benefits, which are the same for both the long and the short mantra. Actually, there are so many benefits but if one can remember these fifteen, these are the most important, the integrated outlines.
1.In all lifetimes, one will meet with virtuous kings - religious kings like His Holiness the Dalai Lama and other virtuous leaders - and by being in such a place where there is a virtuous king one will have much opportunity to practise Dharma.
2.One will always be reborn in virtuous places where there is a lot of Dharma practice, where there are lots of temples, where one can make lots of offerings, where there a lot of holy objects, statues, stupas and so forth.
Being in a place where there are all these holy objects gives one the opportunity to practise Dharma, to create the cause of happiness, to accumulate merit. And being in a place where there are many in the city doing practice inspires oneself to practise Dharma, the cause of happiness.
3.One will always meet with fortunate times and good conditions, which will help your Dharma practice. Having many good things happen it inspires you to practise Dharma, to receive teachings and to meditate.
4.One will always be able to meet with virtuous friends.
5.One will always receive a perfect human body.
6.One's mind will become familiar with the path, with virtue.
7.One will not allow one's vows, one's morality to degenerate.
8.People around you - family, Dharma students, people in the office, and so one - will be kind and harmonious with you.
9.You will always have wealth, the means of living.
10.You will always be protected and served by others.
11.Your wealth will not be stolen or taken away by others.
12.Whatever you wish will succeed.
13.You will always be protected by virtuous nagas and devas.
14.In all lifetimes, you will see Buddha and be able to hear the Dharma.
15.By listening to the pure Dharma, you will be able to actualise the profound meaning, emptiness.
It is said in the teachings that anybody who recites this mantra with compassion - devas or humans - will receive these virtues. In addition, the mantra has the power to heal many diseases and to protect from any harms.
The Compassionate Buddha manifesting in the form of the mantra leads us to enlightenment. In relation to the Holy Body of the Compassionate Buddha we make offerings, accumulate merit, purify and meditate. Then the Compassionate Buddha manifests in the form of the mantra OM MANI PADME HUM.
Then we are able to bring all sentient beings to enlightenment. That is how the mantra benefits us. It is the Compassionate Buddha's holy speech manifesting in an external way in order to benefit us. </poem>