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Studies in Buddhadharma - On Buddha Śâkyamuni

From Chinese Buddhist Encyclopedia
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About 2500 years ago, Siddhârtha Gautama (ca. 563 - 483 BCE) was born to a life of privilege & wealth in a town called Lumbinî, near Kapilavastu, just inside the borders of Nepal. This was the home of the capable Śâkya clan and Siddhârtha ("one who has accomplished his goal") was the son of Śuddhodana, a warrior of wealth and power, and Mâyâdevî, a woman of refinement. Alternative research suggests he was born ca. 450 or ca. 485 BCE. Apparently nobody knows for sure.

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At the time of his birth, among the foothills of the Himalayas, there were clan-based republics resisting the expansion of the new monarchies of the central Ganges basin. Most likely, the traditional brahmanical society had not yet made any great impact upon this region. The republic of the Śâkyas was ruled by Śuddhodana, belonging to the ruling oligarchy and a member of the Ksatriya or warrior-nobility caste, the second of the four Indian castes. Later traditions dubbed Siddhârtha a "prince" and his father a "king".

From all various sources dealing with the founder of the "śâsana" or dispensation of the Buddhadharma, a central core dawns, detailing important events in the life of Siddhârtha Gautama the Buddha, or Buddha Śâkyamuni, at least as perceived by his disciples, for -like most spiritual founders- he left no autobiography, nor did he write down any of his thoughts ...

Short Biography of Siddhârtha Gautama the Buddha

The short story-line of Buddha's biography served as the archetypal model for Buddhists over the centuries and can be summarized as follows (cf. the Buddhacarita, postdating the Buddha by 500 years !) :

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Source

bodhi.sofiatopia.org