Takthok Monastery (also known as Thag Thog or Thak Thak) is a Nyingma Buddhist Monastery in Sakti village in Ladakh, northern India, located approximately 46 kilometres east of Leh. The Name Takthok, literally meaning 'rock-roof' was named because both its roof as well as walls are made up of rock. It belongs to The Nyingma Tradition of Tibetan Buddhism and approximately 55 lamas reside there. It is the only Nyingma Monastery in Ladakh.
The Monastery was founded around the mid-16th century during the reign of Tshewang Namgyal on a mountainside around a cave in which Padmasambhava is said to have meditated in the 8th century. Every year on the 9th and 10th day of the sixth month of the Tibetan Calendar, celebrations which include sacred dances are held.
The main temple is very dark and gloomy with a low ceiling of rock completely covered with the residue from centuries of butterlamps having been burned there. The paintings that once adorned the walls are covered with grime and even the floor feels sticky. Further down another cave has been turned into a kitchen which has immense stoves capable of producing enough Food for all the pilgrims who arrive for the annual festival (which has been shifted to the summer months to accommodate tourists). The Assembly Hall, or du-khang's verandah, has paintings of the Four Lords, while the walls have recent paintings of fierce protector divinities some of which adorn the verandah entrance. The du-khang also contains Statues of Maitreya, Padmasambhava and his manifestation Dorje Takposal.
A new temple was consecrated by H.H. the 14th Dalai Lama in 1980 just below the main gompa complex. The wall to the left of the throne in this temple is decorated with the mural of Padmasambhava, and the one on the left has a painting of Sakyamuni. To the left of the central courtyard is the cave chapel and images of Padmasambhava and Avalokitesvara stand opposite. A small cave behind them is believed to be the place where Padmasambhava lived and meditated for three years. The Monastery also has the 108 volumes of the Kanjur of Buddha's teachings.