The 8th International Conference Buddhism & Australia
Chinese Buddhist Encyclopedia Illustrations
|Articles by alphabetic order|
The Kings of Sambhala
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The seven Dharma Kings
Here are depicted the 32 kings of Sambhala from the Tibetan tradition. On this page are the seven Dharma kings that are said to have preceeded the Kalkī (rigs ldan) kings, who number 25. Please scroll down to see all the Dharma kings, and click on any of them to see a higher resolution image.
The paintings shown here belong to Benchen monastery in Kathmandu, Nepal. They were commissioned for the large Kālacakra Empowerment given there in 2005 at the time of the Kālacakra revelation by Ven. Tenga Rinpoche.
|[[File:Skd02b.jpg|thumb|250px|2. Sureśvara (lha'i dbang po), an emanation of Kṣitigarbha)]||[[File:Skd03b.jpg|thumb|250px|3. Tejī (gzi brjid can), an emanation of Yamāntaka.]]|
There are some problems with the listing of the kalkī-kings. The general list given in Tibetan texts, and used in the series of pictures shown here, contains 25 names, but the great Indian Kālacakra teacher Vibhūticandra pointed out to Tibetan colleagues that the names of the 18th and 19th in this list, Hari and Vikrama, belonged together as one name, Harivikrama. He also pointed out to them that some Tibetan lists similarly split up the name of number 24 in the list into two names, Ananta and Vijaya. This persists to this day.
The advice of this great Kālacakra teacher was duly noted by the Tibetans but in practice ignored, and their misreading of the Sanskrit when translating into Tibetan was not corrected. Accepting his advice would reduce the list to 24 kings, although the predecessor to Cakrī is in fact another by the name of Yaśas, and his inclusion would return the list to the correct count of 25. He is actually mentioned in a quotation from the Kālacakra Mūlatantra, but this has generally been ignored by Tibetan writers.