Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)
Ratnasambhava in Tibetan Buddhism glossary... «
Ratnasambhava (रत्नसम्भव) is one of the five Tathāgatas appearing in the Vajradhātu-mahāmaṇḍala, according to the Nāmamantrārthāvalokinī v5.29. The Nāmamantrārthāvalokinī (literally, ‘an explanation of the nāma-mantras’) is a commentary (ṭīkā) on the Mañjuśrīnāmasaṃgīti. His name can also be spelled as Ratnasaṃbhava (रत्नसंभव).
Ratnasambhava is a name of Mañjuśrī (the embodiement of non-dual knowledge) and, together with other names, forms the core essence of the Mañjuśrīnāmasaṃgīti. The Nāmamantrārthāvalokinī provides the practitioner a sādhana (‘meditative practice’) to turn these names into mantras. These mantras are chanted for the benefit of all beings, and then placed and contemplated in the Vajradhātu-mahāmaṇḍala, which is an extended version of the Vajradhātu-maṇḍala.
The Mañjuśrīnāmasaṃgīti (lit. ‘chanting of the names of Mañjuśrī’) is a short but influential Buddhist tantra, containing the essence of the teachings of Śākyamuni (the historical Buddha). It was composed by Vilāsavajra in the 8th century and contains 3000 verses in the anuṣṭubh meter.
Source: Wisdom Library: Mañjuśrīnāmasaṃgīti
Ratnasaṃbhava (रत्नसंभव) is the name of a deity to be contemplated upon by a practicioner purifying his correspondences (viśuddhi), according to the Abhisamayamañjarī. Ratnasaṃbhava is alternatively known by the name Vajrasūrya. The contemplation is prescribed as a preliminary ritual for a yogin wishing to establish, or reestablish the union with a deity.
Ratnasaṃbhava is associated with the skandha named vedanā (feeling) and the color yellow. He is to be visualised as standing in the warrior (ālīḍha) stance, having three eyes, matted locks and bearing the five signs of observance (mudrā).
The Abhisamayamañjarī by Śākyarakṣita is a Buddhist tantric text closely related to the Herukābhisamaya by Lūyīpāda, which in turn is probably based upon the Yoginīsaṃcāratantra.
General definition (in Buddhism)
Ratnasambhava in Buddhism glossary... « previous · [R] · next »
Ratnasambhava (रत्नसम्भव) refers to “jewel-born Buddha” and represents one of the “five Buddhas” (pañcabuddha) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 3). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (eg., pañcabuddha and Ratnasambhava). The work is attributed to Nagarguna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.