The 8th International Conference Buddhism & Australia
Chinese Buddhist Encyclopedia Illustrations
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Truth, (sacca or taccha) is speech, writing, notions or an understanding that corresponds with reality and which, if comprehended correctly, can lead one to a more accurate and complete perception of that reality.
If one says: ‘It is raining’ and it is raining, this statement can be said to be true.
However, this is only a mundane truth because it is of limited value.
If, on the other hand, one says: ‘Craving causes dissatisfaction’ and it actually does, this can be said to be a supermundane truth because if understood and taken into account it could lead to a radical change in one’s attitude, one’s life and ultimately, one’s destiny.
However, one truth cannot contradict another. If a person says: ‘Two plus two equals four’ and another says: ‘Two plus two equals five,’ one or the other of these two statements must be false.
When summoned before the court, an inquiry, a family gathering, a guild or the king, and asked: “So, good man, tell us what you know.” If he does not know, he says: “I don’t know.” If he knows, he says: “I know.”
If he did not see, he says: “I didn’t see,” and if he saw, he says: “I saw.”
Various theories and views of truth continue to be debated among scholars and philosophers. Language and words are a means by which humans convey information to one another and the method used to recognize a "truth" is termed a criterion of truth.
There are differing claims on such questions as what constitutes truth: what things are truth bearers capable of being true or false;
how to define and identify truth; the roles that revealed and acquired knowledge play; and