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Twelve Heavenly Generals

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In some Buddhist denominations, the Twelve Heavenly Generals or Twelve Divine Generals are the protective deities, or yaksha, of Bhaisajyaguru, the Buddha of healing. They are introduced in the Bhaiṣajyaguruvaidūryaprabharāja Sūtra. They are collectively named as follows:

  • simplified Chinese: 十二神将; traditional Chinese: 十二神將; pinyin: Shí'èr Shén Jiāng
  • Japanese: Jūni Shinshō (十二神将?) or Jūni Shinnō (十二神王?) or Jūni Yakusha Taishō (十二薬叉大将?)

Names of Generals

The names of the generals are:

Sanskrit kanji romanized Japanese Pinyin
Kumbhīra 宮毘羅
金毘羅
Kubira
Kompira (Shinto)
Guānpíluò
Jīnpeíluò
Vajra 伐折羅 Basara, Bazara Fázhéluò
Mihira 迷企羅 Mekira, Meikira Míqǐluò
Aṇḍīra 安底羅 Anchira, Anteira Āndǐluò
Anila 頞儞羅 Anira
Majira
Ènǐluò
Śāṇḍilya 珊底羅 Sanchira, Santeira Shāndìluò
Indra 因達羅
帝釈天
Indara Yīndàluò
Dìshìtiān
Pajra 波夷羅 Haira Bōyìluò
Mahoraga 摩虎羅
摩睺羅伽
Makora
Makura
Mòhǔluò
Mòhóuluòjiā
Kinnara 真達羅 Shintara, Kimnara
Shindūra
Zhēndàluò
Catura 招杜羅 Shōtora
Shatora
Zhāodùluò
Vikarāla 毘羯羅 Bikara
Bigyara
Píjiéluò

The goddess Marichi, protector of warriors and protector against fire is sometimes worshipped as one of the Twelve Heavenly Generals.

Popular culture

General Catura at Ngong Ping
  • Statues of the Twelve Heavenly Generals stand in Ngong Ping, Hong Kong. They are near the Statue of Big Buddha.
  • In the anime Digimon Tamers, the twelve devas are named after the Twelve Heavenly Generals.

Source

Wikipedia:Twelve Heavenly Generals