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Two extremes

From Chinese Buddhist Encyclopedia
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Two extremes (Skt. divyanta or antadvaya; Wyl. mtha 'gnyis) — eternalism and nihilism.

From a Buddhist perspective, all non-Buddhist philosophies are considered to fall into either of these two extremes. Even within Buddhism, there is an attempt by each philosophical school to avoid these extremes and to point out how other schools have to do so.

In the King of Samadhi Sutra, the Buddha said:

Existence and non-existence are extremes,
Purity and impurity are extremes as well,
Thus, having relinquished both extremes,
The wise do not dwell even in the middle.

Nagarjuna wrote:

To say “it is” is a conception of permanence,
To say “it is not” is a view of nihilism,
Therefore the learned should dwell
In neither existence nor non-existence.

How the Four Schools Avoid the Two Extremes

Two extremes in the Sutrayana

In the Dhammacakkappavattana Sutta in the Pali Canon, the first teaching the Buddha gave after his enlightenment, he speaks of the Middle Way, the path of practice that avoids the two extremes of sensual indulgence on the one hand, and severe asceticism on the other.

Source

RigpaWiki:Two extremes