The 9th International Conference Buddhism & Australia
Chinese Buddhist Encyclopedia Illustrations
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Two types of birth and death
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two types of birth and death (二種生死).
(1) An ordinary being, whose lifespan and life form are governed by the law of karma, repeatedly undergoes karmic birth and death (分段生死).
(2) A holy Bodhisattva on any of the Ten Grounds, whose lifespan and mind-created body (意生身) are changeable at will, undergoes changeable birth and death (變易生死).
Only a Buddha has ended both types of birth and death.